Govardhan Puja is the fourth day of five days long Diwali celebration. Goverdhan Pooja is dedicated to Govardhan parvat or Govradhan Mount. Govardhan Puja is also called Annakut Utsav or Bali Pratipada.
Govardhan Puja is celebrated on the first day of Kartik month according to Hindu calendar. Govardhan puja is celebrated to give tribute to Lord Krishna and Mount Govardhan.
Goverdhan Puja 2014
Govardhan Pooja can perform any time of this particular day, but generally it is performed inn the morning.
Govardhan Puja Samagri
- 2 sugarcane sticks
- Clay Deepak and matchsticks
- Cow dung or mud
- Ladoo and Peda
- One silver coin for some money for dakshina
- Unboiled milk
How to Perform Govardhan Puja?
Govardhan puja is performed in the patio of house. Do following procedure:
- Make a dummy of Govardhan parvat (mount).
- Start the puja of Govardhanji by offering 2 sticks of sugarcane.
- Curd, unboiled milk, batasha, laddoo and peda are offered.
- Deepak is lit. Puja is done with roli and chawal
- After the puja, do four parikrama around Govardhanji
- Some batasha is left in the thali. This is later given to the mishrani with money.
- The katha of Lakshmiji is read.
- The mishrani, who reads the katha, is given a silver coin or money as dakshina.
- After puja the kaajal from the kajlota of Deepavali puja is applied.
- The women of the house first eat the sweet rice that was set aside on Deepavali and only then partake the food cooked that day.
Govardhan Puja Aarti
Govardhan Puja Mantra
You can chant the Govardhan mantra during puja or after puja.
Govardhan Puja Wallpaper:-
Deepawali or Diwali is the biggest festival of Hindus. Diwali is also known as the “Festival of Lights”. Deepawali is the five days long festival. Diwali means the “Row of Lights” or “Row of Diyas”.
Deepawali is celebrated on Amavasya; last day of Hindu month Aswin and the first day of Hindu month Kartik. It starts with Dhanteras and ends with Bhai Dooj festival. Diwali is celebrated to get wealth, health, success and happiness in life.
Diwali Date: 03/11/213 (3 November 2013)
The period of 2 hour 24 minutes after sun set is known as Pradosh Kal. It’s considered good and fortunate to do Laxmi Pujan or Diwali Puja.
Lakshmi Puja Muhurat 2014 :- 17:37 to 18:19 (without sthir lagna)
Duration = 0 Hours 42 Mins
Pradosh Kaal = 17:37 to 20:11
Vrishabha Kaal = 18:20 to 20:18
Amavasya Tithi Begins = 20:12 on 2/Nov/2013
Amavasya Tithi Ends = 18:19 on 3/Nov/201
Laxmi/Lakshmi Pooja Diwali 2014
Lakshami Puja is performed on Diwali, in the evening, this time is also known as Pradosh kaal. All family members join together at home and start puja
Diwali Puja Samagri/Kit
- Abhishek Patra
- Akshata (Rice Grains mixed with Kumkum) – (250 gms)
- Ashtagandha (Scented Orange Powder)
- Bataashe, Khaand ke Khilone, Sweets
- Betel leaves, betel nuts
- Cash Register/Accounts Books
- Chandan (Sandlewood)
- Cloth 2 mtr white and red (each)
- Coins’ Bag
- Cotton wicks
- Dhoop, Agarbati
- Dry Fruits, Flowers including Lotus
- Flower Garland (For murti & photos of dieties used in pooja)
- Fruits of 5 types (Mango, Banana, Apple, Orange, Grapes, Pear, Peach etc…)
- Ghanta – bell
- Gold and/or Silver coin embossed with picture of Goddess Lakshmi, new Currency notes
- Handy towel
- Ink Pot (Black)
- Janve Jod (Pair of Holy thread)
- Jewelleries -golden/silver articles (if available)
- Karpoor, Nariyal (coconut with water) and Gola
- Kesar, Sindoor, Kumkum
- Kheel, Loung, choti Elaichi, mango tree leaves
- Lakshmi and Ganesha Murtiyaan
- Match box
- Panchamrit (Mixture of Milk, Curd, Honey, Sugar, Ghee)
- Plates / Trays (Stainless steel/plastic) for keeping the Pooja Material
- Pure Ghee, Curd, Honey, Pure Water ( Ganga Jal)
- Roli Kalawaa, Attar – (Scent)
- Sankha – Conch
- Sesame oil /Mustard oil
- Thaaliyan 3
- Turmeric Powder
- Utensil/Bowl (½ Gallon) (Stainless Steel/Plastic) for keeping used water
- Vandanvaar for entrance Gate
- Vastra (new cloth) for Laxmi & Ganesh
Diwali Pujan Vidhi/Diwali Laxmi Pooja 2014
- Clean the place where Diwali puja will be perform
- On a raised platform spread a new cloth.
- Place a handful of grains in the centre and, on this, place a kalash, lotta (pitcher). Fill three-fourth of the kalash with water and place a betel nut, a flower, a coin, and some rice grains in it.
- Arrange five kinds of leaves or mango leaves in the kalash .
- Place a small dish on the kalash and fill it with rice grains.
- Draw a lotus with turmeric powder ( haldi ) over the rice grains and place the idol of goddess Lakshmi over it, along with coins.
- In front of the kalash , on the right (South-West direction), place the idol of Ganesha.
- After placing the idol ganesha place ink and books related to your business or occupation on the platform.
- Light a deepak (lamp) and the Agarbatti (incense sticks) begin the puja by offering haldi, kumkum , and flowers to the platform on which the kalash is placed.
- Sprinkle this holi water (ganga jal) on all puja utensils to purify them.
- Make a Panchamitra with 5 ingredients of milk, curd, ghee(clarified butter), sugar & honey.
- Start with Ganesh Pujan by reciting Ganesh Mantras and Ganesh aarti. Offer a garland to the god.
- Offer flowers and make an offering of sweets, coconut and fruits.
- Now invoke goddess Laxmi by reciting the Laxmi mantras.
- Offer the flowers to the idol.
- Place the idol of Lakshmi in a plate and bathe it with water, panchamrit and then with water containing some gold ornament or a pearl.
- Wipe the idol clean and place it back on the kalash . Alternately, you can just sprinkle water and panchamrit on the idol with a flower.
- Offer sandal paste, haldi, kumkum, to the goddess.
- Offer a garland to the goddess. Offer flowers and make an offering of sweets, coconut and fruits.
- Then worship the ink and business books. Open the first page of each book and write ” Shubha Labh ” on it and draw a Swastika in the clockwise direction.
- Wash all your gold and silver coins with water, panchamrit and then with water
- Make an offering of puffed rice and batasha to the Gods.
- Finally, perform the aarti for goddess Laxmi and the universal aarti.
- At the end distribute the prasad to all members present and they have something for you.
- Now touch the feet of all the elder members of family.
- Now light the lamps and candles all around the house. No corner of the house should be left in darkness.
After performing the Diwali Puja Laxmi Ji Aarti is sung by the whole family members.
Diwali Puja Mantra
You can chant the Diwali puja mantra or Laxmi mantra during Diwali puja or after Laxmi Puja
Following things Hindus do for Diwali preparation.
- Go shopping. It is customary to buy utensils and ornaments on the first day of Diwali.
- Clean the house and business premises thoroughly before the first Diwali day.
- Decorate the entrance way of the home or office colourful using the traditional motifs of Rangoli designs.
- Burn lamps every night during the festival.
- Light some firecrackers and fireworks.
- Wear new clothes and jewels on Diwali.
- Bake sweets, snacks, and savouries.
- Perform a “Lakshmi pooja”
- Play games or gamble
Diwali Traditions | Diwali Celebration
- Waking up before the crack of dawn
- Performing a puja ceremony
- Looking good is a must, so wear new cloths
- Making sweets, treats and other Diwali food items
- Decorate the homes with flowers
- Decorate houses with lighting
- Deliver best diwali wish
- Meeting with relatives and friends
- Exchanging Gifts And Sweets
- Playing Cards
- Lighting Diyas Or Lamps
- Worshipping Of Cattle
Narak Chaturdashi is a Hindu festival. It falls on the second day of the five days long Diwali celebration. Narak Chaudas or Narak Chaturdashi is also known as Roop Chaudas/Roop Chaturdashi, Krishna Chaturdashi and Kali Chaudas/ Kali Chaturdashi. “Kali” means Dark and “Chaudas” Fourteenth.
Narak Chaturdashi is celebrated on the 14th day of the dark half of Āshwin month, just before one day of Diwali festival. Roop Chaturdashi is celebrated to perform some Sadhana for gain of beauty and magnetism.
Abhyanga Snan is done in the very early in the morning on Roop Chaturdahsi or Roop Chaudas day.
Dhanteras Date: 02/11/2013 (2 November 2013)
Abhyang Snan Muhurta 2013: 05:00 to 06:29
Duration = 1 Hour 29 Mins
Chaturdashi Tithi Begins = 21:33 on 1/Nov/2013
Chaturdashi Tithi Ends = 20:12 on 2/Nov/2013
Abhyanga Snan Samagri
- Fragrant perfumed soap
- Scented oil
- Utane (Ubtan) – This is a powder mainly containing 5 ingredients Kapur (camphor), Chandan (sandalwood), Haldi (turmeric), Rose petals extracts, Orange peel, Other flowers/herbs
How to do the Abhyanga Snana?
- Apply the scented oil and let the skin absorb the oil for about 15-20 minutes
- Apply the utane or ubtan
- Rinse off with water
- Bathe with a perfumed soap
- Dry off
- Dress in new clothes
How to perform Kali Puja?
Kali puja is done in the night to get some special powers.
Kali Puja/Mahakali Pooja Samagri
- Beatle leaves with stem
- Black Urad Dal
- Fire Burning Wood Sticks
- Ganga Jal
- Ghanta – Bell
- Hawan Samagri
- Household Aluminum Foils
- Kali Bahuli
- Kali Murti/Photo
- Kapus (Cotton Balls)
- Panch Dhatu
- Pure Ghee
- Red Yellow, Green, Rangoli Colors
- Rice Grains
- Sandalwood Powder or Tablets
- Seven types of grains like White Beans, Red Kidney Beans, Green Peas, Chick Peas, Brown Lentil, Gram etc
- Wood Burning Lighter Fluid
Kali chaudas pooja vidhi/ Maa kali puja vidhi in hindi
- Place an image of Kali in a comfortable or secret area.
- Arrange all puja samagri upon the tray very carefully.
- Light the incense and the candle.
- Hold the tray with both hands as you sits, focusing your attention on Kali.
- Sound your ghanta or bell.
- Offer haldi, kumkum and other pujan samagri to Goddess Kali.
- Focus on clearing the energy of chakras, beginning with the root chakra at the base of your spine. The root chakra is associated with the physical body. Imagine an illuminated red-colored ball radiating from this energy source. Focus on cleansing each chakra for at least a minute, if not longer.
- Move your energy upward, to the sacral chakra located in the area of the lower abdomen. This chakra is an intense color of orange and relates to emotions and desires.
- Hold the image of a swirling orange ball of energy in this area to thoroughly cleanse this chakra.
- Lift the energy upward again to the area around your stomach and envision a bright yellow light like the sun. Cleansing the solar plexus ensures well being in all areas regarding personal power and self-control.
- Allow the swirling light to rest momentarily at the heart chakra at the center of your chest. Cleansing this chakra with a lively green light will help to establish more balance in your life while promoting personal growth, meaningful relationships and healing.
- Transform the light from green to turquoise as you move the energy up to your throat. Healing this area promotes communication, creative expression and trust.
- Move the energy to the center of your eyebrows and visualize a deep indigo color. This area represents your intuition, self-realization, fearlessness and imagination. Sit with the indigo energy momentarily before moving on to the final chakra.
- Imagine a lively violet light at the very tip of your head. Allow the color to swirl and cleanse this area of wisdom, knowingness, inspiration and awareness. This is the center of spirituality. Cleansing this chakra, along with the previous ones, will enhance your spiritual connection with the divine energy of Kali.
- Dip your finger into the oil and anoint the spot between your eyebrows. Meditate for a moment on Kali — or read the prayer you’ve placed in her honor (aloud or not). Imagine her healing energy elevating you to a place of great spiritual consciousness, where the voices of the ego no longer speak to you. Feel the ego dissolve in the presence of Kali’s higher power.
- Gently swing the tray from right to left (side to side) three times. And place it on the floor before Kali.
- Dip the rose into the water and flick the droplets around you, in the area surrounding your personal space.
- Perform Hawan in the end of the puja.
- Sound the gong, or bell when you feel your puja is complete. This will dispense any negative energy that might still be infiltrating your space while finalizing the intentions of the puja.
Kali Maa Aarti | Kali Aarti
After performing the Kali Puja Maha Kali aarti is sung by devotee.
Maa Kali Mantra | Maha Kali Mantra
Roop Chaudas Wallpaper:-
Dhanteras also known as “Dhanatrayodashi” or “Dhanvantari Trayodashi” is the first day of five day of Diwali celebration. Dhanteras is derived from two words first is “Dhan” means wealth and “Teras” means 13th day as per Hindu calendar.
According to Hindu Panchang or Hindu calendar Dhanteras is celebrated on the thirteenth lunar day of Krishna paksha (dark fortnight) in the month of Ashwin.
Dhanteras Date: 01/11/213 (1 November 2013)
The period of 2 hour 24 minutes after sun sat is known as Pradosh Kal. It’s considered good and fortunate to do Laxmi Pujan as well Deep Daan.
Dhanteras Puja Muhurta 2013: 18:28 to 20:12
Duration = 1 Hour 43 Mins
Pradosh Kaal = 17:38 to 20:12
Vrishabha Kaal = 18:28 to 20:26
Trayodashi Tithi Starts = 22:16 on 31/Oct/2013
Trayodashi Tithi Ends = 21:33 on 1/Nov/2013
How to perform Dhnteras Puja
After seeing the star in the evening, this time is also known as Pradosh kaal. Women of the house get together for the dhanteras puja. In many homes, men and women together perform the puja on this auspicious day.
Dhanteras Puja/Poojan Samagri
- 21 whole kamal gattas (lotus seeds)
- 5 types of gem stones
- 5 whole betel nuts (supari)
- A number of Silver Laxmi-Ganesh coins (10 gms or more) and a deity form of Laxmi-Ganesh (or substitute a Laxmi-Ganesh coin for the deities).
- Aasan to be seated on
- Basil leafs (Tulsi patra)
- Betel leaf
- Bookkeeping (bahi-khata)
- Cloves (Launga)
- Coconut (naariyal)
- Collyrium (Kajal)
- Coriandrum sativum
- Curd (Dahi)
- Custard Apple (Seetafal)
- Dhoop & Dhoopdaan
- Dhoop batti
- Empowered 11 Dhanteras Candles or 11 other available pink and purple candles.
- Flowers, Rice, Roli
- Ganga jal (holy water)
- Garland (Pushpmala)
- Kheel & Batasha
- Leafs of Banyan(badh), sycamore (Goolar), Ficus religiosa (peepal), mango (Aam) and Paakar
- One Deepak/Diya made of flour dough with 4 wicks
- Panicum (Durva)
- Pen (Kalam)
- Perfume (Itra)
- Photo or statue of Goddess Laxmi
- Red cotton cloth
- Sacrament (Naivaidya/Prasaad)
- Sacred Water and a Spoon
- Saptdhanya (grain of seven types)
- Silver brick of 25 gms or 50 or 100 gms, with perfectly straight edges and 90 degree corners (no substitutes for this are possible)
- Small bowl or lota
- Small pan or kadhai (wok)–This has to be a new previously unused utensil
- Statue of Goddess Saraswati
- Statue of Lord ganesha
- Sugar Cane (Ganna)
- Sweets (Mithayi)
- Uncooked Rice
- Wicks, Oil/Ghee and Matchbox
Dhanteras Puja Vidhi/ Dhantrayodashi Puja Vidhi
• Lit Deepak in Desi Ghee and Dhoop/Agarbatti.
• Do Ganesh puja first and then perform Navgrah Puja
- Do Lakshmi ji Avahan and recite mantra:
“Aadi Shakti Mateshwari, jai Kamaley Jagdamb I
Yahan Padharo Murti mai, Kripa karo avilamb II “
• Offer “Akshat”/Rice/ Chawal /Uncooked Chawal/Uncooked Rice to Maa Lakshmi Ji.
• Sprinkle holi water/ganga Jal in a Pooja Thali thrice.
• Dip idol of Maa lakshmi ji stepwise into Ganga Jal,Milk, Curd, Desi Ghee, Honey, Sugar and after that mix all the items and again dip idol of Maa lakshmi ji into the mixture called Panchamrit and finally again dip Maa Lakshmi Ji in Ganga Jal.
• Wipe the idol with a clean cloth.
• Offer “Vastram”/cloths to Maa Lakshmi Ji.
• Smear forehead of Maa Lakshmi ji with tilak of “Roli”
• Offer flowers specially Lotus to Maa Lakshmi Ji.
• Offer other Shringar Items like Sindoor, Bangles etc. to Maa Lakshmi Ji.
• Perform Pooja Archana of Maa Lakshmi Ji with “Dhoop”/Agarbatti/ incense sticks and “Deep”.
• Read Lakshmi Ji Katha.
• Offer Prasadam or Bhog to Maa Lakshmi Ji.
• Offer “Tambool” which is a combination of Paan, Elaichi etc to Maa Lakshmi ji/Goddess Laxmi.
• Do Pooja of your Accounts books, Cash Box, Pen, Ink and other items step wise.
• Offer Dakhsina as per your status.
• With Full devotion do the Arti of Maa Lakshmi Ji with Diyas and kapoor/camphor.
• Once again offer Flowers to Maa Lakshmi Ji.
• Make a Prayer or a wish to Maa Lakshmi ji.
• Do the “Shama Prarthana” asking Maa Lakshmi ji to forgive you if anything wrong have been committed by you during the Pooja and to accept your offerings and wish.
• Firstly lit five desi ghee diyas and keep one in Kitchen, one in bedroom, one in Drawing room, one in Washroom and last one in any other room.
• Lit all other diyas in Mustard oil and decorate them on the outside boundaries of your house, Parapet and other sorroundings.
• After the puja ceremony completes, the family members touch the feet of elderly and take blessings from them.
• Distrubute the Prasaad/ sacrament into whole family and with your friends and relatives.
After performing the Dhanteras Puja Ganpati Aarti and Laxmi Ji Aarti is sung by the whole family members.
Preparation for Dhanteras
Hindus start the preparation for Dhanteras festival or Diwali festival before 10-15 days. Every day has its own importance. Especially on the Dhateras festival, Houses and business premises are renovated and decorated. Markets are also decorated with the lights and flowers. Entrances of every houses or buildings are decorated with the colorful lights. Traditional motifs of Rangoli are also designed in front of the main door or entrance door of houses. It is said that Goddess Laxmi likes Rangoli, so Rangoli is made at entrance to welcome the Goddess Laxmi/Lakshmi. Small footprints are also printed at the entrance with the Rongoli by rice flour and vermilion. Lamps and Diyas are also kept burning with Oil/Ghee in the waiting of Goddess Lakshmi.
On the occasion of Dhanteras Hindus generally prefer to buy gold, silver, jewellery as well as minimum one new utensil. It is believed that to buy gold, silver or new utensils is a sign of good luck. The day of Dhanteras is also dedicated to the God Dhanvantari. So Dhanvantari puja is also performed with the Lakshmi pooja. Dhanteras is celebrated to get the blessings and good wishes from Goddess Laxmi. Hindus also purchase the idol of Lord Ganesha and Goddess Laxmi.
You can chant following mantras during or after completing the Dhanteras Puja/Lakshmi/Laxmi Pooja, which will bring peace, joy and happiness for your life.
|| ॐ श्री गणेशाय नमः ॐ ||
“Om shree ganneshaay namah Om”
ॐ श्री महालछ्मयै च विदमहे विष्णु पत्न्यै च धीमहि
तन्नो लछ्मी प्रचोदयात् ॐ ||
“Om Shree Mahaalachhmyai Ch Vidamahe Visshnnu Pat`n`yai Ch Dheemahi tan`no Lachhmee Prachodayaat` Om”
|| ॐ ह्रीं अष्टलछ्म्यै दारिद्र्य विनाशिनी सर्व सुख समृध्दिं देहि देहि ह्रीं ॐ नमः ||
“Om HreeN Asshttalachh`myai Daarid`r`y Vinaashinii Sarv Sukh SamrrdhdiN Dehi Dehi HreeN Om Namah”